The efforts began with William Tyndale who translated the New Testament from the original Greek (1526) and portions of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew (1530s).
Thanks to people like John Rodgers, Myles Coverdale, and William Whittingham, several Bibles were produced in the 16th century.
By the end of Queen Elizabeth’s reign (1558-1603) there were two major Bibles available.
One, the Bishops’ Bible was favored by the established Church of England, and the other was the Geneva Bible favored by the Puritans.
When James came to the throne in 1603 he sponsored a conference at Hampton Court to hear some of the Puritan’s complaints against the Church of England.
The one result of the conference was a decision to revise the Bible and create a new translation.
The new translation was created by a group of forty-seven scholars who worked to revise the Bishops’ Bible and create a new version – the Bible we now call the Authorized or King James Bible.
This Bible was first published in 1611 and has undergone several minor revision over the years mainly to standardize the spelling, punctuation, and use of italics.
These italics were used to indicate words not in the Greek but required by English usage.
This Bible remains in general use today and is widely praised for the beauty of its language, and the accuracy to the original manuscripts.
It is believed by many to be God's true word in the English language.